元器件交易网讯 据《华盛顿邮报》报道，美国国家安全局(NSA)和联邦调查局(FBI)正在通过一个代号为PRISM(棱镜)的机密项目，直接利用9大美国顶级互联网公司的中央服务器，提取用户信息。而美国国家情报总监詹姆斯·克拉珀（James R. Clapper）刚刚发布了一份官方声明。克拉珀认为，PRISM计划主要是针对美国境外的非美籍人士，并不是有意针对任何美国公民。
根据克拉珀在《卫报》和《华盛顿邮报》的发表文章指出收集通讯记录是根据《外国情报监视法案》（Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act）第702节。克拉珀认为监视法案的第702节意在增强外国情报信息的获得，主要是针对美国境外的非美籍人士，并不是有意针对任何美国公民。（元器件交易网郭路平 译）
U.S. Government: Reports About PRISM Contain “Numerous Inaccuracies”
After the flurry of reports about the NSA"s alleged PRISM surveillance program earlier today, the U.S."s Director of National Intelligence James R. Clapper just released an official statement. According to Clapper, “The Guardian and The Washington Post articles refer to collection of communications pursuant to Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. They contain numerous inaccuracies.”
Clapper argues that Section 702 is meant to ” facilitate the acquisition of foreign intelligence information concerning non-U.S. persons located outside the United States.” It is not meant to be used to “intentionally” target any U.S. citizens (though the statement leaves a door open for an admittance of “unintentional” spying).
Given the outright denials of all the tech firms accused of participating in this program, including Google, Facebook and Apple, it remains unclear if the accusation that these companies knew about the program is one of the “inaccuracies.”
Here is the full statement from the Office of the Director of National Intelligence:
DNI Statement on Activities Authorized Under Section 702 of FISA
The Guardian and The Washington Post articles refer to collection of communications pursuant to Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act. They contain numerous inaccuracies.
Section 702 is a provision of FISA that is designed to facilitate the acquisition of foreign intelligence information concerning non-U.S. persons located outside the United States. It cannot be used to intentionally target any U.S. citizen, any other U.S. person, or anyone located within the United States.
Activities authorized by Section 702 are subject to oversight by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, the Executive Branch, and Congress. They involve extensive procedures, specifically approved by the court, to ensure that only non-U.S. persons outside the U.S. are targeted, and that minimize the acquisition, retention and dissemination of incidentally acquired information about U.S. persons.
Section 702 was recently reauthorized by Congress after extensive hearings and debate.
Information collected under this program is among the most important and valuable foreign intelligence information we collect, and is used to protect our nation from a wide variety of threats.
The unauthorized disclosure of information about this important and entirely legal program is reprehensible and risks important protections for the security of Americans.
James R. Clapper, Director of National Intelligence